10 SPORTS: Badminton

Badminton is one of the racket sports played using a racket and shuttlecock across a net. The history of badminton traced back to 1870s. It was evolved from the earlier game of battledore (racket) and shuttlecock. Initially, the game was named Poona or Poonah, a garrison town in India where it was developed among expatriate officers in British India. Subsequently, the “badminton” name derives from the Duke of Beaufort’s Badminton House in Gloucestershire, with unclear reason. The first rule for the game was drawn up in 1873. The British officers subsequently returned home by 1875 and set up a badminton club in Folkestone. The game was initially played outdoor until 1893 when The Badminton Association of England (BAE) published the new rules and launched the game indoor at Portsmouth. All England Open Badminton Championships is the first badminton competition organised by BAE in 1899.

In 1934, the International Badminton Federation, now known as the Badminton World Federation (BWF), was founded by mainly European countries such as England, Scotland, Wales, Canada, Denmark, France, Ireland, Netherlands and New Zealand. BWF is the international governing body responsible for the regulations of the tournaments. Of note, the BWF headquarter is currently based in Kuala Lumpur. Examples of few prestigious badminton international tournaments are Thomas (since 1948) & Uber Cup (since 1956), Sudirman Cup (since 1989), BWF World Championship (since 1977), All England Championship (since 1899) and Summer Olympic games which become an official sport since 1992 in Barcelona. Although initiated in England, men’s badminton competition has been dominated in Europe by Denmark and in Asia by Indonesia, Malaysia, China, Japan, India, South Korea and Chinese Taipei. The game has also become a popular backyard sport in the USA.

Badminton is one of the famous sports in Malaysia besides Sepak Takraw, Football, Rugby and Field Hockey. Badminton Association of Malaysia (BAM) is the governing body of badminton and it’s training in our country. Malaysia has won beautifully in international badminton tournaments titles such as Thomas Cup (1949, 1952, 1955, 1967, 1992), All England Championship (1950-1957, 1959, 1965-66, 1971, 1982, 2003, 2007, 2010-11, 2014, 2017, 2021) and Olympic Silver (2008, 2012, 2016) & Olympic Bronze (1992, 1996, 2020).

Below are few of my personal collections of Badminton first day covers from various countries.

1) MALAYSIA (Thomas Cup & Uber Cup)

1992 JULY 25th: FDC with 2v stamps
1992 JULY 25th: FDC with MS
2000 MAY 11 Composite Thomas/Uber Cup KL 2000 FDC with KAJANG cancellation

2) INDONESIA (Thomas Cup & Uber Cup, Sudirman Cup)

1958 AUGUST 15TH: FDC with 3v stamps. The world’s first badminton stamp issue.
1961 JUNE 1st: FDC with 3v stamps
1964 AUGUST 15th: FDC with 3v stamps
1967 MAY 31st: FDC with 2v stamps
1973 JANUARY 2nd: FDC with 3v stamps
1976 JANUARY 31st: FDC with 3v stamps
1979 FEBRUARY 24th: FDC with 3v stamps
1981 MAY 22nd: FDC with 1v stamp
1982 MAY 19th: FDC with 1v stamp
1986 APRIL 22nd: FDC with 2v stamps
1989 JULY 3rd: FDC with 1v stamp – The first Sudirman Cup tournament held in Jakarta,Indonesia and won by Indonesia team.
This is the only Sudirman Cup stamp I could find so far.
1994 June 22nd: FDC with 2v stamps

3) JAPAN (Badminton Sports)

1958 OCTOBER 19th: FDC with 2v stamps. The world’s second badminton stamp.
1981 OCTOBER 13th: FDC with 1v stamp

For those of you interested in badminton stamps of various country, I found an article on it but it is written in Chinese:-




Malaysia Boleh!

09 DEFINITIVE: National Definitives

In Malaysia, there are three major types of stamp issues ie “commemorative stamp“, “definitive stamp” and “special stamp“. According to Pos Malaysia official webpage, “commemorative stamp” is defined as “type of postage stamp issued to commemorate and honour important national and international events such as anniversaries and significant events, historical places and things, and outstanding individuals” whereas “special stamp” refers to “stamps typically issued depicting themes which are related to Malaysia such as our national heritage, arts and culture, nature, landmarks, food, traditional costumes and more“.

The definition of “Definitive Stamp” quoted from wikipedia as: ” a postage stamp that is part of the regular issue of a country’s stamps, available for sale by the post office for an extended period of time and designed to serve the everyday postal needs of the country“.

Malaysia first national definitive stamps were issued on 9th September 1965, known as “National Bird Series I”. Up to the date of writing, a total of eight national definitive stamps series were issued by Pos Malaysia with the latest “Iconic Marine series” issued on 18th June 2020. Below are the lists of issues:-


The famous first national definitive bird series were issued on 9th September 1965 with complete set of 8v stamps of 25cent (Crested Wood Patridge), 30cent (Blue-blacked Fairy Bluebird), 50cent (Black-eyed Oriole), 75cent (Rhinoceros Hornbill), $1 (Zebra Dove), $2 (Great Argus Pheasant), $5 (Asiatic Paradise Flycatcher) and $10 (Blue-tailed Pitta). The market value of the complete set of first day cover costs for over a thousand ringgits nowadays.

**Unfortunately, I don’t have the complete FDC to share**


This second national definitive with the theme of butterflies were issued as “low value series” on 31st August 1970 and “high value series” on 16th November 1970.

The “low value series” consist of 4v:- 25cent (Blue-banded King Crow), 30cent (Saturn), 50cent (Common Nawab) and 75cent (Great Mormon). The “high value series” consist another 4v:- $1 (Orange Albatross), $2 (Raja Brooke’s Birdwing), $5 (Centaur Oak Bird) and $10 (Royal Assyrian).

**Unfortunately, I don’t have the complete FDC to share**


After nine years, Pos Malaysia issued the third national definitive stamps on 4th January 1979 with 8v stamps including 30cent (Tiger), 40cent (Flying Lemur), 50cent (Chevrotain), 75cent (Leathery Pangolin), $1 (Turtle), $2 (Tapir), $5 (Gaur) and $10 (Orang-Utan).

FDC with complete 8v stamps


On 5th June 1986, our fourth national definitive stamps series was issued with the theme of local fruits. 8v stamps consist of 40cent (Rambutan), 50cent (Pineapple), 80cent (Durian), $1 (Mangosteen), $2 (Starfruit), $5 (Banana), $10 (Mango) and $20 (Papaya). This was the longest definitive stamps series being used in our nation’s philately history.

FDC with complete 8v stamps & KUALA LUMPUR cancellation


It was another nineteen years gap when our fifth national definitive stamps series was issued again on 14th May 2005. Again, there were 8v stamps:- 20sen (Spotted Dover), 30sen (Ochraceous Bulbul), 40sen (Long-Tailed Parakeet), 50sen (White-Rumped Shama), 75sen (Olive-Backed Sunbird), RM1 (Green-Winged Pigeon), RM2 (Banded Pitta) and RM5 (Imperial Pigeon).

FDC with complete 8v stamps


The sixth national definitive stamps of Garden Flowers were issued on 1st July 2010. There were 8v stamps:- 30sen (Lotuses), 50sen (French hydrangea), 60sen (Bougainvillea), 70sen (Red Lily), 80sen (Hibiscus), 90sen (Morning glory), RM1 (Canna Lily) and RM2 (Golden trumpet). The stamps issued for first day cover were printed with year “2010” whereas those common issue stamps were printed without the year.

FDC with complete 8v stamps


On 21st February 2017, our seventh national definitive stamps series were issued with only 6v stamps. There was a special uncut miniature sheet issued as well. The values of the issue were 60sen (Rhynchostylis), 70sen (Phalaenopsis), 80sen (Vanda), 90sen (Paphiopedilum), RM1 (Aranda) and RM1.10 (Papilionanda).

FDC with 6v stamps
FDC with uncut MS


The latest national definitive stamps series were issued on 18th June 2020 with iconic marine life theme. It consisted of 5v stamps and a miniature sheet. They were RM1.30 (Hawksbill Turtle), RM1.40 (Humpback Dolphin), RM1.50 (Whale Shark), RM1.70 (Small Giant Clam), RM1.90 (Dugong) and MS of RM5 (Hawksbill Turtle).

Composite concordant FDC with PULAU PINANG philately bureau cancellation, BATU FERRINGHI PO cancellation (location of Penang Turtle Sanctuary) and BATU MAUNG PO cancellation (location of Fisheries Research Institute Malaysia HQ)

We are expecting our ninth national definitive stamps series in year 2025.

08 TRAIN: Malaysia Railways(I)

The world railway transportation system started in the western countries to assist the industrial revolution. The first electrified trains open in Germany, 1881.

Geographically, Malaysia consists of Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo(Sabah & Sarawak). At the moment, only Terengganu and Sarawak states do not have railway system. In simple division, the railway infrastructure in Malaysia can be divided as follows:-

Metre gauge railway:-

  • Peninsular Malaysia
    • West Coast railway
    • East Coast railway
  • Sabah

Standard gauge railway:-

  • Ekspress Rail link (ERL)
    • KLIA Ekspress
  • Light Rapid Transit (LRT)
    • Kelana Jaya line (previously known as PUTRA line)
    • Ampang line (previously known as STAR line)
    • Sri Petaling line (previously known as STAR line)
  • Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)
    • Kajang line
  • Monorail
    • KL Monorail line
    • Malacca Aerorail

Funicular Rail System:-

  • Penang Hill Railway

>>This writing will focus on Metre Gauge Railways of Malaysia.


Malaysian train system history starts way back in 1885. The first railway line was constructed between Taiping and Port Weld (Kuala Sepetang) during the Malaya era in 1885 when it was first built to transport tin. In 1886, the railway line expanded to Kuala Lumpur and Klang. In 1891, a new line was constructed between Seremban and Port Dickson.

Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) is the operator of Peninsular railway line. It was previously known as the Federated Malay States Railways (FMSR) and the Malayan Railway Administration (MRA). It acquired its current name in 1962 and corporatised in 1992, owned by Malaysian government.

 The first diesel locomotive entered service in 1957 and the railcars entered service in 1960. The last steam locomotive was withdrawn from service in 1974. In 1995, the first electrified trains operated in west coast from Port Klang to Sentul and Rawang to Seremban with KTM Komuter. Double tracking and electrification of west coast line started from 2007 in stages and it was completed in 2014 as ETS.

Currently, there are two train lines in Peninsular Malaysia. The West Coast line starts from northern Malaysia connecting the State Railway of Thailand, to southern Malaysia connecting Woodlands Train Checkpoint in Singapore. The East Coast line branches off from the West Coast line at Gemas, running to Tumpat in Kelantan.

There were three stamp issues released by Pos Malaysia to commemorate 100th years of KTM, 125th years of KTM and ETS on 1st June 1985, 22nd June 2010 and 20th March 2018 respectively.

KTM100 Composite FDC with concordant cancellations of TAIPING and KUALA SEPETANG marking the first rail line in Peninsular Malaysia.
KTM125 FDC with 4v stamps
KTM125 FDC with 5v stamps from special stamp booklet.
KTM125 FDC with MS
Back image of FDC showing company logo of FMSR(1885), MRA(1948) and KTMB 1985,1992
KTM125 FDC with overprint MS during Bangkok Stamp Exhibition 2010.
KTM125 FDC with overprint MS during Phila Nippon Stamp Exhibition 2011.
ETS FDC with 3V stamps and concordant philately bureau cancellation of IPOH,KUALA LUMPUR and SEREMBAN(the three main stations in central region of Peninsular Malaysia). Note also the respective’s station manager signatures as well as stamp designer signature.
ETS FDC with MS.Concordant cancellations.Note the PADANG BESAR(terminal station at Northern Malaysia) and GEMAS(terminal station at Southern Malaysia) of West Rail line.
Pos Malaysia ETS FDC with Thailand World Stamp Exhibition 2018 overprint MS.
Philately Society Malaysia souvenir cover with Thailand World Stamp Exhibition 2018 overprint MS.


Sabah train system history starts way back in 1896. The first railway line was constructed between Bukau River, north to Beufort and and south to the port of Weston when it was first built to transport tobacco. Sabah State Railway (SSR) department is currently operating the only train line in Borneo Island in Sabah. Currently the 134km rail line is linking Tanjung Aru near Kota Kinabalu and Tenom in interior area of Sabah.

A nice stamp issue on trains in Sabah was released on 28th December 2015 by Pos Malaysia.

FDC with concordant PO cancellations of each stations
FDC of stamps and MS with concordant PO cancellations of each stations.
FDC with overprint MS during Thailand 32th Asian International Stamp Exhibition 2016

Hope you enjoy this fascinating Malaysian train stamps series!

What’s next? High Speed Rail (HSR) ? Read these links……


We hope for the better Malaysian infrastructures! Stay tune!

07 ROYALTY: The Royal Visits

Malaysia is a commonwealth country, independent from British colony since 31th August 1957. For the past 64 years, the relationship between the two countries remained close. Malaysia is the United Kingdom’s second largest export market in ASEAN and the UK is Malaysia’s third trading partner in Europe. Below are the lists of royal visits by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, His Royal Highness Prince Charles and His Royal Highness Prince William.

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II

  1. 1972, end of February to early March

This marked her first and longest visit to Malaysia together with Prince Philip, where she toured several Malaysian states including Penang as well as General Hospital at Kota Kinabalu (renamed in her honour–Queen Elizabeth II Hospital). The visit was hosted by The King Abdul Halim of Kedah. I found an interesting article with the link below.


2. 1989, October 14-17th

Her Majesty and Prince Philip made an official visit to Malaysia for the Commonwealth Head of Government Meeting (CHOGM). The visit was hosted by The King Azlan Shah of Perak. Of note, there was a stamp issued by Pos Malaysia for the CHOGM on 18th October 1989 with 3V stamps. However, Her Majesty image was not printed in the stamps or first day cover.


3. 1998, September 20-23th

This marked the third visit by Her Majesty and Prince Philip to Malaysia to officiate at the closing of the first ever Commonwealth Games held in Asia–16th Commonwealth Games (SUKOM 98). It was hosted by The King Jaafar of Negeri Sembilan. A prepaid commemorative envelop of RM5 was issued by Pos Malaysia on 21st September 1998 with the image of The Queen on left lower part of the cover.This marks the first image of Her Majesty portrait printed in Malaysia philately.


His Royal Highness Prince Charles

HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, the eldest child to Queen Elizabeth II, is the heir apparent to the British throne.

  1. 2017, November 2-8th

His Royal Highness Prince Charles and his wife Camilla, the Duchess of Cornwall made their maiden visit to Malaysia from 2nd to 8th of November 2017, as part of an 11-day tour to Asia, which commemorates with the 60th anniversary of bilateral relations between Malaysia and the United Kingdom. The royals visited Kuala Lumpur, Sarawak, Perak and Penang. Commemorative stamps was issued on 3rd November 2017 consisted 2v stamps of RM1 and MS of RM6.



FDC with 2v stamps.
PO Cancellation of PENGKALAN WELD (for the sound alike “Wales” and “Weld”) and BUTTERWORTH (Prince visited Royal Malaysian Air Force base in Butterworth on 7/11/2017)
FDC with MS
Stamp sheet of Prince of Wales portrait

His Royal Highness Prince William

HRH Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, is the elder son of Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales. He has been second in the line of succession to the British throne.

  1. 2012, September 13-15th

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Prince William and Kate Middleton, made their three day official visit to Malaysia in conjunction with the celebration to mark the 60-year reign of the Queen  Elizabeth II. The couple visited Kuala Lumpur city as well as Danum Valley in Sabah. Pos Malaysia released the commemorative stamps issue on 13th September 2012 with 2V stamps of RM1.50 and MS consisted two stamps of RM2.50 value. It was a very hot selling stamp issue. More reading regarding the royal visit and this stamp issue including the error sheet review can be found from the links below.



FDC with 2v stamps. KOTA KINABALU and KUALA LUMPUR philately bureau cancellations.
Thailand World Stamp Exhibition cover 2013 with overprint MS. Courtesy of Mr KY Sum
Overprint MS on original cover with Pos Malaysia Thailand exhibition cancellation.
Back image of the folder. Beautiful!
Stamp sheet with Her Majesty portrait. Stamp on stamp!
Stamp sheet with Duke and Duchess of Cambridge portrait

Hope everyone stays safe and healthy! Enjoy reading and happy Merdeka…

06 BRIDGE: Penang Bridges

Penang (Pearl of the Orient) or Pulau Pinang is one of the thirteen states in Malaysia located at northern Peninsular Malaysia. Penang consists of Penang Island (Prince of Wales Island) and Seberang Perai (Province Wellesley) at mainland. They are linked by two bridges, i.e. Penang Bridge and Penang Second Bridge. There is Ferry service as well linking Penang Island and the mainland.

Penang Bridge:-

Penang Bridge connects Perai on mainland side with Gelugor on Island side. It is 13.5km with a length of 8.4km over the sea. The idea was brought up by the second Malaysian Prime Minister, the late YAB Tun Hj. Abdul Razak and the planning commenced in 1960. The construction began in 1982 by the Hyundai Engineering and Construction Company (Korea) Ltd from South Korea and the United Engineers Malaysia Berhad. The Penang Bridge was officially opened on 3rd August 1985 by the then 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia Tun Dr Mahathir bin Mohamad. He drove across the bridge in a red national car, Proton Saga. On 14 September 1985, it was officially opened to traffic by the fourth Governor of Penang, Tun Dr. Awang Hassan.

Currently, Penang Bridge is the second longest bridge in Malaysia and the fifth longest bridge in Southeast Asia. It is maintained by PLUS Expressways.

Complete Concordant Penang Bridge FDC with PERAI, GELUGOR, UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA(USM) and PULAU PINANG philately bureau cancellations.
FDC brochure with PERAI and USM cancellations.

Penang Second Bridge:-

Penang Second Bridge also known as Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge, named after the fourteenth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King of Malaysia), the late Tuanku Abdul Halim Maudzam Shah of Kedah. It connects Batu Kawan on mainland side with Batu Maung on Island side. The construction began in 2008 by China Harbour Engineering Co Ltd and UEM Builders Sdn Bhd and it was completed in 2014. The total length of the bridge is 24km with 16.9km over the sea. The bridge was officially opened by the then sixth Prime Minister of Malaysia Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak on 1st March 2014 20:30 MST and was opened to traffic on the next day.

Currently, Penang Second Bridge is the longest bridge in Malaysia and the second longest bridge in Southeast Asia. It is maintained by Jabatan Kedua Sdn Bhd.

Complete Concordant FDC with hand chop of post offices SUNGAI BAKAP, SIMPANG AMPAT, BATU MAUNG plus philately bureau BUTTERWORTH and PULAU PINANG cancellations.
Back image of FDC showing Penang Second Bridge photo.
FDC made from Jambatan Kedua Sdn. Bhd. company cover with BUTTERWORTH & PULAU PINANG cancellations.

Quiz: Which is the current longest bridge in Southeast Asia?

05 SPORTS: First in Asia

Sports is an element in our life, either we involve in it for our physical fitness or we take it as an entertainment by watching the match. Sports is an important “investment” to a country as well because of it’s high returns for certain internationally well received sports events such as Olympic Games, Formula One Grand Prix, FIFA world cup, World Tennis Championship, The World Cup of Golf, etc.It is a prestige to a nation by winning an international sports title. Traditionally, most of the well received international sports events are mainly being held in western countries. I would like to cover few international sports events which were hosted by Asian countries for their first time.

  1. Summer Olympic Games
  2. Commonwealth Games
  3. FIFA World Cup
  4. FIFA World Women’s Football Championship
  5. Formula One Grand Prix

1. Summer Olympic Games

Olympic games or Olympiad, is a major international multi-sports event and it is also viewed as the highest prestige title in sports event. Ancient Olympic games were held in Olympia, Greece from 8th century BC to 4th century AD. The first modern Olympic games were held in Athens, Greece in 1896. It was governed by International Olympic Committee(IOC) which was founded by French educator Baron Pierre de Coubertin in 1894. Since then it was held once every four years.

The first Asian country to host the Summer Olympic games was Japan in 1964. It was held in Tokyo from 10th October to 24th October 1964. It was also known as the Games of the XVIII Olympiad. These games were also the first to be telecast internationally without the need for tapes to be flown overseas. Japan will be hosting 32th edition Olympiad — 2020 Summer Olympic games making Japan the first Asian country to host Summer Olympic games for twice. However due to COVID-19 pandemic hits, 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympic games was rescheduled to July 2021. First in the history as well!

For further reading about Tokyo Olympic:-

Tokyo 1964 XVIII Olympiad FDC on opening ceremony day.
First flight cover for Lufthansa LH646 from Berlin to Tokyo

2. Commonwealth Games

Like Summer Olympic games, Commonwealth Games is also a major international multi-sports event held quadrennially since 1930 in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It involved all the athletes from Commonwealth Nations.

Malaysia became the first Asian country to host the XVI Commonwealth games in Kuala Lumpur from 11th September to 21th September 1998. It was well known as SUKOM 98. This games also recorded few “First” in the history, ie the first country to host the games with the head of nation other than the Head of the Commonwealth, the first country to host the games whereby English is not their first language and the first time ever the games included team sports!

SUKOM 98 Opening Ceremony Souvenir Cover with serial number printed on cover.

3. FIFA World Cup

FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association) world cup is quadrennial international football event contested by the senior men’s national teams from six major continents of the world. It was first held in 1930 by Uruguay. So far, 17 countries have hosted the event with Brazil, France, Italy, Germany, and Mexico hosted twice.

Asia first hosted FIFA World Cup in 2002 jointly by Japan and South Korea, from 31th May to 30th June. It was also the first time such event jointly hosted by more than one country. Brazil won her 5th titles of the FIFA World Cup in 2002 against Germany by scoring 2-0 in final held at Yokohama International Stadium, Japan.

2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan FDC issued by Korea Post on opening ceremony day.
Stamp sheet issued by Korea with 32 countries flags printed and 6 special rounded stamps representing each continents of the world respectively.

4. FIFA World Women’s Football Championship

The first FIFA Women World Cup was held in Guangdong, China from 16-30 November 1991. United States won the first FIFA Women World Cup title against Norway. Like the male counterpart, it is held every four years with the latest 8th edition in 2019. Six countries have hosted the event with China and United States hosted twice. In 2007, China hosted the FIFA World Cup for second time in Shanghai. Interestingly, China was supposed to host the Championship in 2003 but due to the SARS outbreak in the country, it was moved to United States.

FDC with dated cancellation on opening ceremony day
FDC: back image

5. Formula One Grand Prix

“Formula” refers to the set of rules that all the participants’ cars must follow whereas “Grand Prix” means grand prizes in French and refers to a series races on purpose-build circuits. Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) regulate the Formula races. There are three divisions or tiers formula races, i.e. Formula One (F1), Formula Two (F2) and Formula Three (F3). F1 is the highest class single-seater auto racing and has been the premier form of racing around the world since its inaugural season in 1950. Formula One cars are the fastest regulated road-course racing cars in the world.

Traditionally, F1 championship are mainly based in Europes. It is then gradually expanded to non-European countries with Argentina hosted the first South American Grand Prix in 1953, followed by Africa (Morocco in 1958), Asia (Japan in 1976), Oceania (Australia in 1985) and Middle East (Bahrain in 2004). Malaysia hosted F1 Grand Prix from 1999-2017 in Sepang circuit.

Singapore hosted the first F1 night race in 2008 at Marina Bay Street circuit on 28 September 2008, 20:00 SST. Singapore is the first country in the world to held F1 championship at night.

FDC of 2008 F1 Singapore Grand Prix
FDC brochure

With the COVID-19 pandemic hits, what will be the fate of the major sports events across the world?

04 MARINE: Turtles

Turtles, tortoises and terrapins are belong to reptiles of the order Testudines. They have existed on Earth for more than 100 million years. Put it in simple terms, turtles are sea creatures whereas tortoises are land creatures. Terrapins live in sea as well as land. For this writing, I will focus on turtles.

Turtles are endangered marine animals. There are seven species known. Four of the seven species can be found around the world in tropical and subtropical waters whereas another three species are more confined to Atlantic, Australia and Mediterranean respectively. They are:-

  • Kemp’s ridley turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) : it is the rarest species and mainly found in Gulf of Mexico.
  • Flatback turtles (Natator depressus) : mainly found in northern Australia or southern Papua New Guinea continents.
  • Loggerhead turtle (Caretta caretta) : mainly found in Mediterranean continents.

The remaining four species which can be found in Malaysia are:-

  • Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), Penyu Karah/Sisik
    – states: Sabah, Melacca, Terengganu, Johor
  • Olive ridleys turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea), Penyu Lipas
    -states: Penang
  • Green turtle (Chelonia mydas), Penyu Agar
    -states: Sabah, Sarawak, Penang, Perak, Pahang, Terengganu, Johor
  • Leatherbacks turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), Penyu Belimbing
    • -states: Terengganu

Source: Internet – Turtle Conservation Centre

There are six stamp issues with specific turtle species printed that had been launched by Pos Malaysia thus far.

  1. National Definitive-Animal series
  2. Marine Life 3rd series
  3. Turtles of Malaysia
  4. International Year of the Reef
  5. Underwater Life
  6. National Definitive-Marine series
  1. National Definitive-Animal series

The first turtle species appeared in Malaysian stamp was Leatherbacks turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) in $1 stamp of 8v third national definitive stamps issued on 4th January 1979. The concordant cancellation is Kuala Terengganu, as this species is only found in Terengganu state.

1979 Animal National Definitive FDC (partial) with MELAKA cancellation.

2. Marine Life 3rd series

Pos Malaysia had issued six series of marine life stamps. The first series on 17th December 1988 followed by second series on 29th June 1989 (Crustaceans), third series on 17th November 1990 (Turtles), fourth series on 21th December 1992 (Corals), fifth series on 10th November 2001 (stamp week) and sixth series on 9th October 2004 (stamp week).

There were four turtles stamps i.e. Leatherbacks turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), Green turtle (Chelonia mydas), Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) and Olive ridleys turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea), with the stamps’ value of 15cents, 20cents, 40cents and $1 respectively. I supposed this is the only issue with complete four turtles species printed thus far. Of note Olive ridleys turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea) is the rarest species and it can be seen in Kerachut Beach Turtle Conservation Centre in Penang.

Marine Life Series III FDC with KL cancellation. Note the Penang Pantai Kerachut Turtle Conservation Centre chop as well as the Department of Fisheries (Penang Branch) chop with the signature of the chiefs. The Pantai Kerachut Turtle Conservation Centre is known for the rare species of Olive ridleys turtle (Lepidochelys olivacea). Courtesy of Mr Daniel Ho.

3. Turtles of Malaysia

This stamp booklet issue consisted of two turtles’ images with same 30cents values in the sheet of ten stamps. The two species were Leatherbacks turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) and Green turtle (Chelonia mydas). It was issued on 26th June 1995.

FDC made of stamp booklet with MELAKA cancellation.

4. International Year of the Reef

On 23th August 1997, International Year of the Reef ’97 was issued. It consisted of 4v stamps (20cents, 30cents, 50cents and RM1) and RM2 Miniature Sheet. Green turtle (Chelonia mydas) was printed in RM2 MS.

Composite FDC with concordant KUCHING, Sarawak cancellation.

5. Underwater Life

It was a long gap until 21th March 2012 when the Underwater Life was issued with 4v stamps (all 60 cents) and RM5 MS. Again, Green turtle (Chelonia mydas) was printed in MS along with other two creatures. Note that Green turtle (Chelonia mydas) is the commonest sea turtles which can be found in few states of our country listed above.

FDC of 4v stamps.
FDC of MS with KL cancellation.

6. National Definitive-Marine series

The eighth national definitive stamps was issued on 18th June 2020 with the topic of Iconic Marine Life. It consisted of 5v stamps and a Miniature Sheet. For the second time (after 1990 Marine Life III series), Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) was printed on RM1.30 stamp as well as RM5 MS.

FDC of 5v stamps. Concordant MASJID TANAH & MELAKA cancellations for the RM1.30 Hawksbill turtle. Courtesy of Mr KY Sum.
FDC of Hawksbill turtle MS with Concordant MASJID TANAH & MELAKA cancellations. Courtesy of Mr KY Sum.

For more information about the turtles in Malaysia, kindly visit World Wildlife Fund of Malaysia website at the link:-


03 MISC: Unique “Premium” Stamps

Postage stamp, defined as “ a small adhesive piece of paper of specified value issued by a national Post Office to be affixed to a letter or parcel to indicate the amount of postage paid “, by Oxford English Dictionary. The first stamp in the world, invented by an Englishman Sir Rowland Hill, was issued 180 years ago in United Kingdom in May 1840 — the well known “Penny Black”. With advance in technology, the piece of paper also has underwent evolution. Advanced and innovative printing technologies such as special materials(eg metals, silk), embroidery, fluorescent effect, gold or silver printing, emboss printing, special odour and taste, unique shapes etc are being produced nowadays. A review article titled “Stamps of Aprroval” by Singapore National Heritage Board covered different unique stamps of the world: https://www.roots.sg/learn/stories/stamps-of-approval/story

Another article comprehensively covering “The Unusual Stamps and MS of Malaysia”, written by Genevieve V. A. Gee and Dr Indraneil Das, can be assessed via the link: https://myfdc.me/articles/the-unusual-stamps-and-ms-of-malaysia/

The first Malaysia stamps for use throughout Malaya were issued on 5th May 1957 with 4v General Issue stamps. Since then nearly 600 stamp issues were introduced by Pos Malaysia to date. In this blog I would like to write on Malaysia unique stamps made from non-paper materials. From my own record, there were four stamp issues:-

  1. Malaysian Currency Premium silver stamp RM50, issued on 18th January 2010.
  2. The Baba & Nyonya Heritage copper plated with 22K gold stamp RM50, issued on 1st December 2014.
  3. The Baba & Nyonya Heritage lithography & embroidery stamp RM35, issued on 12th February 2015.
  4. Farm Animals wood stamp RM15, issued on 16th February 2015.

1) Malaysian Currency Premium silver stamp RM50

Premium stamp portfolio cover

From my personal record, this is the first non-paper stamp issued by Pos Malaysia. This premium stamp is made of 999 purity silver weigh 1.12 grams with face value of RM50. I supposed it was also the first highest single-value stamp ever issued by Pos Malaysia that time. Interestingly, it is the first Malaysian stamp ever issued for dual purposes:- I) to commemorate 50 years of the Central Bank of Malaysia ( Bank Negara Malaysia ), and also II) to complement the Pos Malaysia stamps issue of Malaysian Currency on 18th January 2010. The stamp featured the commemorative gold proof coin of face value RM50 issued by the Central Bank of Malaysia on 8th February 2009. A RM50 gold coin images on a RM50 silver stamp!

The FDC of RM50 silver premium stamp with Pulau Pinang cancellation

2) The Baba & Nyonya Heritage copper plated with 22K gold stamp RM50

Technical details of copper gold plated stamp

The Baba & Nyonya Heritage stamps was first issued by Pos Malaysia on 29th November 2013 with 4v stamps and a nicely designed beautiful RM5 miniature sheet featuring image of Nyonya Kebaya Embroidery. It had won 4th Place for Wiener Internationale Postwertzeichen Ausstellung Grand Prix 2013 in Austria.

The last page of RM50 gold plated stamp mini folder showing the won prize

During the first day of World Youth Stamp Exhibition 2014 held in Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre from 1st — 6th December 2014, Pos Malaysia issued this RM50 copper metal plated with 22K gold stamp.

The FDC of RM5 MS issued on 29th November 2013 with Jalan Laksamana, Melacca cancellation.

3) The Baba & Nyonya Heritage lithography & embroidery stamp RM35

RM35 lithography & embroidery stamp

RM35 embroidery stamp & technical details

This lovely lithography & embroidery Nyonya Kebaya RM35 stamp was issued on 12th February 2015 (about 2 months after RM50 gold plated metal stamp was issued) at philatelic bureau Kuala Lumpur. Embroidery on embroidery stamp!

FDC of RM35 embroidery MS stamp. Courtesy of Mr KY Shum

4) Farm Animals wood stamp RM15

Farm Animals RM15 wood MS

This wood miniature sheet stamp was issued together with 3v stamps and RM5 same imaged MS of Farm Animals issue, on 16th February 2015, just 4 days after the RM35 embroidery stamp was issued. The special wood MS stamp was available for sale to public throughout Malaysia’s post offices.

FDC of RM15 wood MS. Courtesy of Mr KY Shum

What will be the next unique non-paper Malaysian stamp?

02 SCHOOLS: JS 100

Schools is another interesting topics in philately. There were few stamp issues launched by Pos Malaysia in recent years to commemorate centennial anniversary of few schools in Malaysia. There is a full review article titled “A Philatelic Journey of the Schools in Malaysia” via the link https://myfdc.me/articles/a-philatelic-journey-of-the-schools-in-malaysia/

In Penang State itself, there were three schools stamp issues launched by Pos Malaysia three years consecutively, i.e. Penang Free School Bicentenary on 21st October 2016, Chung Ling High School Centenary on 9th February 2017 and Jit Sin School Centenary Anniversary on 9th October 2018. In this blog, I would like to share my collections of my mother school Jit Sin Centenary Anniversary (JS 100) issue.


Jit Sin School was originated from “Yi Xue Tong” (义学堂)located at current taoist Tua Pek Kong Temple on Pasar Road, Bukit Mertajam, Penang mainland, on 2nd March 1918. The school name “Jit Sin” (日新)was taken from Chinese poem meaning renewed or reform (‘to reinvent oneself continuously’—according to Pos Malaysia brochure ). It started off as functioning charity primary school that time. In 1931, in view of increasing students number, the school was extended to Cross Street. On 10th October 1949, three schools i.e. Jit Sin, Zhong Zheng and Sin You combined into a single school– Jit Sin School. In 1950, Jit Sin Secondary School was established for further education. Two years later, in 1952, Jit Sin School was shifted to new compound sponsored by Hock Teik Cheng Sin Temple committee at Aston Road. In 1962, Jit Sin Secondary School was further divided into Jit Sin High School (public) and Jit Sin Independent High School (private).

JS 100 folder page 2

Jit Sin Independent High School

It was established since 1962 and currently located at Aston Road, Bukit Mertajam city centre. It is a private secondary school. The school was honoured ” 5 stars private education ” by Malaysian Ministry of Education in 2013. It is the largest independent secondary school in northern region.

Cover made from school official envelope
Maxicard: Jit Sin Independent High School


SMJK Jit Sin or Jit Sin High School (JSHS) previously shared the same school compound with Jit Sin Independent High School at Aston Road until 1992 when it was moved to new compound in Taman Sri Rambai. JSHS was awarded Cluster School of Excellence (Sekolah Kluster Kecemerlangan) in 2011 and it was the first vernacular secondary school in Penang to obtain this premier status.

Cover made from school official envelope
Maxicard: JSHS

SRJK (C) Jit Sin A & B

SRJK (C) Jit Sin A & B or Jit Sin Chinese Primary School A&B were two separate primary schools located within the same compound. They were previously shared the same school compound with Jit Sin Independent High School until 1965 when they were shifted to the current location at Jalan Berapit. Since I am the alumnus of Jit Sin A, I only focus my JS 100 Philately collection on Jit Sin A. Note that Jit Sin B was the mother school for our Malaysia’s Ex-Badminton world champion player Datuk Lee Chong Wei.

Cover made from school official envelope
Maxicard: SRJK (C) Jit Sin A&B
Maxicard back image with signature by postcards designer


Jit Sin School Union, basically Jit Sin alumni society, posted an announcement via their website on 27th August 2018 for the limited edition JS 100 stamps set. With donations of RM120, the donor would be able to get the limited edition set which include 3 full stamp sheetlets, 1 miniature sheet (MS) , a folder, 2 FDCs with special setenant 3V stamps and MS with special “JIT SIN SCHOOL PULAU PINANG” cancellation, 12 schools postcards and a beautiful nylon bag. Each donor was limited to only five sets. There were initially 8,000 limited sets produced. Subsequently, another 2,000 sets were added which total up 10,000 limited sets.

12 beautiful Jit Sin Schools postcards.

Pos Malaysia posted a revised tentative stamp schedule on 25th September 2018 with the note that JS 100 issue sale date had been postponed to 25th October 2018.

On 28th September 2018, two commemorative covers was issued by Penang Philately Society (PPS) and it was open for sale to PPS members.

PPS commemorative covers

Jit Sin Centenary Anniversary Grand Dinners were two days events held in Jit Sin Independent High School from 6th-7th October 2018, to celebrate such an auspicious moment. On the 6th October Grand Dinner, JS 100 stamps issue was first introduced officially by the committee. According to the introduction, the stamps and the MS were printed in France by La Poste. Due to technical issue, it’s sale date was postponed to 25th October instead of 9th October 2018. Interestingly, during the anniversary dinner, Jit Sin School committee also announced a unifying school logo for all four schools. The new silver logo was printed on the Pos Malaysia JS 100 first day cover as well as 3v stamps and MS.

Introduction of JS 100 stamps, MS and FDC during Jit Sin centenary anniversary grand dinner.

9th October 2018 marked the date of issue of JS 100. Of note, 9th October is the anniversary date for Jit Sin School. I was very lucky to get my PPS commemorative covers early. Hence, I headed to Bukit Mertajam post office(PO) to get the PO hand-chop on my covers to mark THE important date.

On the 12th October 2018, Pos Malaysia officially launched JS 100 stamps issue via media conference at Jit Sin Independent High School, Bukit Mertajam together with stamp issue committee. SODA members were able to get the special FDCs with setenant stamps and “JIT SIN SCHOOL” cancellations.These were the links to few Chinese papers’ reports. A short video clip was included in the reports as well.



JS 100 stamps issue poster

Finally, after such a long 16 days waiting period, public was able to get the stamps and FDC from post office throughout Malaysia on 25th October 2018. I first headed to Penang General Post Office. The crowd was there even before post office opened! It was a bit out of my expectation to see quite a huge crowd in Penang Island since Jit Sin School is located in mainland. After completing “PULAU PINANG” philatelic bureau cancellation on my covers, I went back to mainland Bukit Mertajam. I first stopped at Kota Permai mini post office which is the nearest post office to SMJK Jit Sin. I still remember there was a mini post office Taman Sri Rambai previously, which was located very near to the school and it would be the best concordant cancellation to SMJK Jit Sin if it had not closed down. Next stop was Jalan Kulim mini post office. Both Jit Sin Independent and primary schools are very near to Bukit Mertajam post office. Since I chose Bukit Mertajam as the concordant PO for Jit Sin primary school ( the only PO nearby, 1.8km distance ), I decided to make Jalan Kulim mini post office as the concordant PO to JS Independent High School ( 1.7km distance ). My final stop was Bukit Mertajam PO. The philatelic bureau cancellation “BUKIT MERTAJAM” was very hot that day! Post officer Bukit Mertajam was very kind to allow public to use the cancellation until 27th October 2018, Saturday due to very high demand.

PPS commemorative covers, the only covers that had the chance for 9.10.2018 PO cancellation.
PPS covers (back). Note the QR code. Maybe Pos Malaysia can consider QR code for future FDC.
Pos Malaysia FDCs with respective schools’ cancellations and the principals signatures. Both principals of Jit Sin Independent and SMJK high school were retired in 2019.
Beautifully designed image of Pos Malaysia FDC’s back image showing the floral emblem of Jit Sin Independent High School—Cassia fistula (Golden Shower Tree) and JS schools’ motto.
Souvenir cover distributed for free by JS 100 committee in JS Independent High School with every purchase of RM20 philatelic products on 25 October 2018. Note that this was an error cover with JS 100 logo on right top which was supposed to be at right bottom.

To complete JS 100 philately journey, Pos Malaysia also launched setenant strip sheets for JS 100 on 17th November 2018 during stamp week 2018 events at Kuala Lumpur Philatelic Bureau.

JS 100 setenant sheet

With that, as a core Jit Sin alumnus, I had completed my philatelic task for my beloved mother schools! May the Sun continues to shine for the next centennial years~~

P/S: Another premier school in Bukit Mertajam, BM High School, mother school for our fifth Prime Minister Tun Dato’ Seri Haji Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi, will be celebrating it’s 100th anniversary in year 2027!

01 SPORTS: The Glorious Moments

Sports is one of my favourite themes. Pos Malaysia had issued around 25 sports related stamp issues. The first sports issue was on 14 December 1965 for 3rd South East Asian Peninsular Games with 3v stamps. It was followed by Mexico Olympic Games issue on 12 October 1968 with 2v stamps. For this article, I would like to focus on the “glorious moments” sports issues in Malaysia. As from my records, there were 6 issues in total which include 4 stamp issues and 2 pre-stamp issues:-

  • Thomas Cup Champion: 2v stamps and a miniature sheet(MS), issued on 25th July 1992.
  • The Glorious Moments of the Gold Medalists for The KL 98 Commonwealth Games: 2 large MS (1v and 9v), issued on 12th December 1998.
  • AFF Suzuki Cup 2010 Champion: 2v stamps, issued on 28th February 2011.
  • Paralympics Golden Moments in Rio 2016: 1v stamp, issued on 20th December 2016
  • SEA Games KL 2017 Kita Juara: Pre-Stamp issued on 19th December 2017
  • 18th Asian Games Jakarta Palembang 2018 Achievement: Pre-Stamp issued on 15th November 2018

Thomas Cup Champion

Thomas cup was the most prestigious international badminton team competition first introduced by Sir George Alan Thomas from England in 1949.The competition was initially held every three years until 1982 when it has been conducted every two years.The 1992 Thomas & Uber Cup was held in Kuala Lumpur from 5-16 May at Stadium Negara. Malaysia won in finals with 3-2 against Indonesia. Malaysia has won five Thomas cup titles in 1949, 1952, 1955, 1967 and 1992.

FDC 2V with Kuala Lumpur cancellation
FDC MS with Kuala Lumpur cancellation
Presentation Pack cover
Presentation Pack stamps with technical details
FDC (back image) of Thomas Cup KL 2000

The Glorious Moments of the Gold Medalists for The KL 98 Commonwealth Games

The Commonwealth Games was first held in 1930 and it has been conducted every four years. It is an international multi-sport events joined by athletes from Commonwealth Nations. The 1998 XVI Commonwealth Games, also being called SUKOM 98 was held in Bukit Jalil Stadium (main stadium) from 11-21 September 1998. Malaysia is the first Asian country to hold the event. Malaysia won 10 gold medals and ranked number four in SUKOM 98. It was such a glorious moment in Malaysia sport’s history!

Opening ceremony FDC with Bukit Jalil stadium cachet and cancellation
Gold medalists FDC #1 with Kuala Lumpur cancellation and Malaysia Boleh cachet
Gold medalists FDC #2 with Kuala Lumpur cancellation and Malaysia Boleh cachet
The image of the back of the cover #1 and #2 form a full picture of all the medalists with the Prime Minister and the Youth & Sports Minister in the middle. Interesting, isn’t it?

AFF Suzuki Cup 2010 Champion

The ASEAN Football Federation (AFF) Suzuki Cup is a biennial football competition participated by Southeast Asia national teams. It is accredited by FIFA was first held in Singapore in 1996. The AFF Championship cup was initially sponsored by Tiger Beer (Tiger Cup) from 1996-2004 editions, followed by Japanese auto-company Suzuki from 2008 onwards.The 2010 AFF Suzuki Cup was hosted by Indonesia and Vietnam. Malaysia won her first title of Suzuki Cup in 2010 with 4-2 on aggregate against Indonesia in finals.

Full stamp sheetlet #1 with football field design
Full stamp sheetlet #2 with football design

Paralympics Golden Moments in Rio 2016

Malaysia celebrate her glory in 2016 Rio Paralympic Games for winning gold medals for first time in history by Mohamad Ridzuan Mohamad Puzi in Men’s 100m, Muhammad Ziyad Zolkefli in Men’s Shot Put and Abdul Latif Romly in Men’s Long Jump. Gold medalists Mohamad Ridzuan and Abdul Latif are from Perlis whereas Muhammad Ziyad Zolkefli is from Gombak, Selangor.

Full stamp sheetlet
FDC with the signatures of gold medalists Mohamad Ridzuan (left), Abdul Latif Romly (middle), Muhammad Ziyad Zolkefli (right) and designer at the left bottom.
FDC with Kangar (Perlis) cancellation.

SEA Games KL 2017 Kita Juara

Southeast Asia (SEA) Games is a biennial multi-sports event participated by current 11 ASEAN countries. In 1959, Thailand hosted the very first event which was called Southeast Asian Peninsular (SEAP) Games. In 1977, it has changed its name to Southeast Asian Games. Malaysia was top-ranked in the gold medal lists in 2001 and 2017.

Pre-stamp FDC (front)
Pre-stamp FDC (back)

18th Asian Games Jakarta Palembang 2018 Achievement

Asian Games, or Asiad, like Olympic Games is quadrennial multi-sports event participated by athletes from Asian continents since it’s first edition held in New Delhi, India 1951. Malaysia’s highest records in Asiad were Bangkok 1966 ( ranked number 4 with 7 gold medals) and Guangzhou 2010 ( ranked number 10 with 9 gold medals and total of 41 medals).

Pre-stamp FDC (front)
Pre-stamp FDC (back)

Malaysia to host Asiad in 2030?



For completeness.

Malaysia also hosted few other international sports events and these were the stamps issued by Pos Malaysia to commemorate the auspicious events:-

  1. International Cricket Council Trophy, 24th March 1997
  2. 9th World Youth Football Championship, 16th June 1997
  3. Malaysia Sepang Grand Prix 1999, 17th October 1999
  4. World Cup Golf Malaysia 99, 18th November 1999
  5. World Table Tennis Championship, 19th February 2000
  6. Thomas/Uber Cup KL 2000, 11th May 2000
  7. World Cup Hockey, 2nd January 2002
  8. 6th International Dragon Boat Federation Club Crew World Championship, 1st August 2008

Next issue? Maybe another Thomas Cup Title or Olympic Gold Medals……