Penang (Pearl of the Orient) or Pulau Pinang is one of the thirteen states in Malaysia located at northern Peninsular Malaysia. Penang consists of Penang Island (Prince of Wales Island) and Seberang Perai (Province Wellesley) at mainland. They are linked by two bridges, i.e. Penang Bridge and Penang Second Bridge. There is Ferry service as well linking Penang Island and the mainland.
Penang Bridge connects Perai on mainland side with Gelugor on Island side. It is 13.5km with a length of 8.4km over the sea. The idea was brought up by the second Malaysian Prime Minister, the late YAB Tun Hj. Abdul Razak and the planning commenced in 1960. The construction began in 1982 by the Hyundai Engineering and Construction Company (Korea) Ltd from South Korea and the United Engineers Malaysia Berhad. The Penang Bridge was officially opened on 3rd August 1985 by the then 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia Tun Dr Mahathir bin Mohamad. He drove across the bridge in a red national car, Proton Saga. On 14 September 1985, it was officially opened to traffic by the fourth Governor of Penang, Tun Dr. Awang Hassan.
Currently, Penang Bridge is the second longest bridge in Malaysia and the fifth longest bridge in Southeast Asia. It is maintained by PLUS Expressways.
Penang Second Bridge:-
Penang Second Bridge also known as Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah Bridge, named after the fourteenth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King of Malaysia), the late Tuanku Abdul Halim Maudzam Shah of Kedah. It connects Batu Kawan on mainland side with Batu Maung on Island side. The construction began in 2008 by China Harbour Engineering Co Ltd and UEM Builders Sdn Bhd and it was completed in 2014. The total length of the bridge is 24km with 16.9km over the sea. The bridge was officially opened by the then sixth Prime Minister of Malaysia Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak on 1st March 2014 20:30 MST and was opened to traffic on the next day.
Currently, Penang Second Bridge is the longest bridge in Malaysia and the second longest bridge in Southeast Asia. It is maintained by Jabatan Kedua Sdn Bhd.
Quiz: Which is the current longest bridge in Southeast Asia?